This handout provides suggestions for writing papers or reactions that ask you to evaluate a text through the lens of a crucial or theoretical secondary source.admin
Generally, the lens should expose one thing in regards to the original or “target” text that could never be otherwise obvious. Instead, your analysis might phone the legitimacy of this arguments regarding the lens piece into concern, expand the arguments of this lens text, or provoke several other reevaluation for the two texts. In any event, you will end up creating a vital “dialogue between texts.”
Reading the Texts
You read them is crucial since you will eventually want to hone in on points of commonality and discord between the two texts, the order and manner in which.
First, read the lens text to spot the author’s core arguments and language. Since theoretical or critical texts are generally thick and complex, it could be beneficial to develop an overview for the author’s main points. According the to Brandeis Writing Program Handbook, a very important lens essay will “grapple with main some ideas” of this lens text, as opposed to coping with remote quotes which could or may possibly not be indicative regarding the author’s argument in general. As a result, it is essential to ensure that you certainly realize and may articulate the author’s details before continuing to your target text.
Upcoming, quickly browse the target text to build up a basic concept of its content. Then, think about: Where do I see basic points of agreement or disagreement between your two texts? Which for the lens text’s arguments that are main be used into the target text? It might be much easier to consider a couple of associated with the lens text’s central arguments.
By using these a few ideas in your mind, return back and see the target text very very carefully, through the lens that is theoretical thinking about the next concerns: do you know the primary aspects of the lens text and exactly what are their complementary components within the target text? How do I apply the lens author’s theoretical vocabulary or logic to instances within the target text? Is there circumstances where in fact the lens text’s arguments don’t or can’t apply? How come this? It really is useful to keep a careful, written record of web web page figures, quotes, along with your ideas and responses while you read.
Because this style of paper relates to a complex synthesis of numerous sources, it really is specially essential to possess a definite course of action before you begin writing. It might help to cluster quotes or activities by subject material, by theme, or by if they support, contradict, or elsewhere alter the arguments within the lens text. Hopefully, typical themes, some ideas, and arguments will quickly emerge and you will begin drafting!
Composing the Introduction and Thesis
As your paper has to do with the interactions that are complex multiple texts, you will need to explain what you would be doing the introduction. Remember to obviously introduce the lens text as well as its arguments that are specific is likely to be using or assessing. Then introduce the target text and its particular themes that are specific activities you’re going to be handling in your analysis.
These introductions of texts and themes should lead into some types of thesis declaration. Though there are not any set guidelines or conventions for just what this thesis should appear to be, make certain it states the points of conversation you’ll be speaking about, and describes exactly what your critical or analysis that is theoretical of target text reveals concerning the texts.
Composing the human body
Your body is where you use particular arguments through the lens text to particular quotes or circumstances within the target text. In each full situation, remember to talk about exactly just what the lens text reveals in regards to the target text (or the other way around). Make use of the lens text’s language and rational framework to examine the mark text, but remember to be clear about where tips within the paper are coming from (the lens text, the goal text, your own personal interpretation etc.) and so the reader does not be confused.
By participating in this kind of analysis, you might be “entering a conversation that is academic and inserting your own personal tips. As that is undoubtedly easier in theory, Gerald Graff and Cathy Birkenstein’s notion of “Templates” may show helpful. Inside their guide, they state, I state, the authors lay out numerous templates to aid writers participate in unknown kinds of critical educational discourse. They encourage pupils to make use of the templates in every ability they find helpful, be it filling them in verbatim, modifying and extending them, or using them being an entry that is analytical, then discarding them totally.
Right right right Here we modify their fundamental template (They say ________. I say ________.), to generate lens essay-specific templates to help you to get started:
The writer associated with the lens text lays down a helpful framework for understanding cases of ________ in the goal text. Certainly, into the target text, one sees that is______, which may be looked at a typical example of ________ by the lens author’s meaning. Therefore, we come across a point of commonality _____ that is concerning__. This similarity reveals ________.
Based on the lens text _______ tends to take place in situations where _______. By the lens author’s meaning, ________ in the goal text might be considered an example of _______. Nevertheless, this parallel is imperfect because _______. As a result, we become aware of ________.
One sees that is______ in the prospective text, which calls the lens author’s argument that ________ into question because ________.
In the event that writer of the lens text is proper that ________, one could be prepared to see ________ in the goal text. However, ________ really occurs, exposing a point that is critical of. This discord suggests that ________. This dilemma is very important because ________.
Wrapping Things up and conclusions that are drawing
By this time in your essay, you need to be drawing conclusions regarding exactly what your lens analysis reveals in regards to the texts in concerns, or the wider problems the texts target. Remember to explain why these discoveries are essential for the control by which you might be writing. To put it differently, the thing that was the idea of performing your analysis in the place that is first? Delighted lens writing!
Brandeis UWS Writing Handbook, 70.
Birkenstein, Cathy and Gerald Graff, They State write my essay for cheap, I State. (Ny: W. W. Norton & Business, 2007), 2-3.